The History Book Club - ROMAN EMPIRE -THE HISTORY...: GOVERNMENT AND POLITICAL INSTITUTIONS OF THE ROMAN EMPIRE Showing 1-18 of 18
The Romans Roman Government
From the accession of Caesar Augustus to the military anarchy of the third century , it was a principate with Italy as metropole of the provinces and its city of Rome as sole capital 27 BC AD. Rome remained the nominal capital of both parts until AD, when it sent the imperial insignia to Constantinople Byzantium in Ancient Greek following the capture of Ravenna by the barbarians of Odoacer and the subsequent deposition of Romulus Augustus. The previous Roman Republic , which had replaced Rome's monarchy in the 6th century BC, became severely destabilized in a series of civil wars and political conflict. The following year Octavian conquered Ptolemaic Egypt , ending the Hellenistic period that had begun with the conquests of Alexander the Great of Macedon in the 4th century BC. Octavian's power was then unassailable and in 27 BC the Roman Senate formally granted him overarching power and the new title Augustus , effectively making him the first emperor. The first two centuries of the Empire were a period of unprecedented stability and prosperity known as the Pax Romana "Roman Peace". It reached its greatest territorial expanse during the reign of Trajan 98 AD.
Western Civilization is forever indebted to the people of ancient Greece and Rome. Among the numerous contributions these societies made are in the fields of art, literature and philosophy ; however, perhaps their greatest gift to future generations was the modern perception of government. The contemporary idea of democracy, while borne out of the political struggles in the city of Athens , came to fruition in the Roman Republic , surviving, despite the constant interference of the emperor, through the Roman Empire. Although the present definition of democracy has changed considerably, one must still recognize its early evolution in that eternal city, Rome. The real authority or imperium of the republic, and later empire , was to be divided among three basic elements - elected non-hereditary magistrates, a Senate to advise and consent, and popular assemblies. Unfortunately for many people in Rome, in the early stages of the Republic, power lay solely in the hands of the elite, the old landowning families or patricians.
The Romans established a form of government a republic that was copied by countries for centuries In fact, the government of the United States is based partly on Rome's model. It all began when the Romans overthrew their Etruscan conquerors in B. Centered north of Rome, the Etruscans had ruled over the Romans for hundreds of years. Once free, the Romans established a republic, a government in which citizens elected representatives to rule on their behalf. A republic is quite different from a democracy, in which every citizen is expected to play an active role in governing the state. The Roman concept of the citizen evolved during the Roman Republic and changed significantly during the later Roman Empire.
The reclining figure represents the Tiber River. Beside him are Romulus and Remus the mythical founders of Rome, with the wolf who is said to have raised them. Friday, July 6, The Roman Republic was founded when after the last Etruscan king was overthrown in B. Everyone else was considered plebeian , and no member of this group could hold office. Over a period of nearly years, however, the plebeians fought for and gained power within the government. At the heart of the Roman Republic was the Senate.