Arnhem: The Battle for the Bridges, 1944 by Antony BeevorThe great airborne battle for the bridges in 1944 by Britains Number One bestselling historian
On 17 September 1944, General Kurt Student, the founder of Nazi Germanys parachute forces, heard the growing roar of aeroplane engines. He went out on to his balcony above the flat landscape of southern Holland to watch the air armada of Dakotas and gliders carrying the British 1st Airborne and the American 101st and 82nd Airborne divisions. He gazed up in envy at this massive demonstration of paratroop power.
Operation Market Garden, the plan to end the war by capturing the bridges leading to the Lower Rhine and beyond, was a bold concept: the Americans thought it unusually bold for Field Marshal Montgomery. But could it ever have worked? The cost of failure was horrendous, above all for the Dutch, who risked everything to help. German reprisals were pitiless and cruel, and lasted until the end of the war.
The British fascination with heroic failure has clouded the story of Arnhem in myths. Antony Beevor, using often overlooked sources from Dutch, British, American, Polish and German archives, has reconstructed the terrible reality of the fighting, which General Student himself called The Last German Victory. Yet this book, written in Beevors inimitable and gripping narrative style, is about much more than a single, dramatic battle.
It looks into the very heart of war.
The Traitors Of Arnhem? Seminar on Operation Market Garden & Bilderberg held in Oosterbeek 22Sep2018
Battle of Arnhem
The battle of Arnhem 1725 September was a bold but ultimately failed attempt to outflank German defences in north-west Europe by establishing a bridgehead across the lower Rhine river at the Dutch town of Arnhem. Author Iain Ballantyne reveals nine lesser-known facts about the battle . The plan was for Allied paratroopers and land forces to launch a combined attack, which would break through German defences in the Netherlands. But the bridge at Arnhem was never captured the plan ended in failure just a week later, resulting in thousands of casualties. Codenamed Operation Market Garden, it was the largest airborne operation in history and one of the biggest disasters of the Allied war effort. During the battle of Arnhem in September , great valour was shown by lightly armed British Airborne troops in the face of German panzers [tanks] and other heavy weaponry.
Despite dreadful odds against them of arms and troops, the men of the 1st Airborne and attatched units fought ferociously, with relatively light weapons but unsurpassed bravery and endurance, against numerically superior and heavily armed German Panzer Units. Five VC's alone were won and numerous other awards were made. In addition, many RAF, USAAF and RCAF Squadrons took part transporting both men and supplies in the most hazardous of conditions and equally courageous and stoical were the brave Dutch citizens of Arnhem - many in the Resistance - who were so sadly caught up in the fighting, and who - to this day - feel such an intense loyalty to the Allied veterans and their descendants over half a century on. It is not my purpose here to describe the battle - this has already been done in numerous superb books. My aim is simply to list the part played by Jewish servicemen in this battle, as another "for the record" project, to help dispel the myth that Jews were "not there". What follows is what I have discovered over a period of many months of research between and , using numerous written and oral sources.
Operation Market Garden was a failed World War II military operation fought in the Netherlands A small British force managed to capture the north end of the Arnhem road bridge, denying use of the intact bridge to . These forces unexpectedly joined the battles for the bridges in the Eindhoven and Nijmegen sectors.
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It was fought in and around the Dutch towns of Arnhem , Oosterbeek , Wolfheze , Driel , and the surrounding countryside from 1726 September The Allies were poised to enter the Netherlands after sweeping through France and Belgium in the summer of , after the Battle of Normandy. Allied Airborne troops were dropped in the Netherlands to secure key bridges and towns along the Allied axis of advance. The British airborne forces landed some distance from their objectives and were hampered by unexpected resistance, especially from elements of the 9th and 10th SS Panzer Divisions. Only a small force was able to reach the Arnhem road bridge while the main body of the division was halted on the outskirts of the town. Meanwhile, XXX Corps was unable to advance north as quickly as anticipated and they failed to relieve the airborne troops according to schedule.
In September , after the victorious end of the Normandy campaign, Field Marshal Bernard Montgomery devised a daring operation to open the way to the Ruhr by seizing a bridgehead north of the Rhine, at Arnhem. On September 17, Operation Market, the largest airborne and glider operation in history five thousand aircraft was carried out by three Allied airborne divisions. Operation Garden was the ground side in which the Thirtieth British Corps was to link up with the British First Airborne at Arnhem by thrusting north along a narrow corridor opened by the U. Eighty-second and st Airborne Divisions. Then, the remainder of British Second Army would rapidly assault the Ruhr, thus hastening the collapse of the Third Reich and likely ending the war in Congestion and German resistance along the single narrow road to Nijmegen and Arnhem delayed the British ground advance.
Operation Market Garden began on September 17, , and was the largest airborne operation in history. More than 35, British, American and Polish airborne troops were dropped behind enemy lines in a bid to capture the Dutch bridges that spanned the canals and rivers on the German border. The plan, conceived by General Bernard Montgomery, commander of the British forces in Europe, hinged on these bridges being taken swiftly to open the way for an armoured thrust up a single road that, it was hoped, would bring the war to an end by Christmas. Instead, it ended with British paratroopers trapped in house-to-house fighting for the farthest bridge in Arnhem, leaving more than 1, dead and nearly 6, captured when their ammunition ran out after . Get The International Pack for free for your first 30 days for unlimited Smartphone and Tablet access. Already a member? Log in.