Georgia OKeeffe (Author of Georgia OKeeffe)
For a more complete portrait of the artist, who was born years ago today, brush up on these 15 little-known facts about her. The rest primarily depict landscapes, leaves, rocks, shells, and bones. For decades, critics assumed that O'Keeffe's flowers were intended as homages—or at the very least, allusions—to the female form. O'Keeffe was actually born on a Wisconsin dairy farm. She first visited New Mexico in , and as she grew older, her trips there became more and more frequent. Following the death of her husband in , she moved to New Mexico permanently. Then she would unbolt the passenger car, turn it around to face the back seat.
Photographer and art dealer Alfred Stieglitz gave O'Keeffe her first gallery show in and the couple married in Considered the "mother of American modernism," O'Keeffe moved to New Mexico after her husband's death and was inspired by the landscape to create numerous well-known paintings. Georgia O'Keeffe died on March 6, at the age of Georgia, the second of seven children, was named after her Hungarian maternal grandfather George Totto. Art appreciation was a family affair for O'Keeffe: her two grandmothers and two of her sisters also enjoyed painting.
Georgia O'Keeffe consistently battled against the Freudian interpretations of her flower series. Austrian psychoanalyst Sigmund Freud was becoming popular in the United States in s. Freud, the father of psychoanalysis, had written that one way of looking at art, besides its aesthetic value, was as an expression of the artists unconscious thoughts or desire. With Judy Chicago, the feminist art movement of the s attempted to commandeer O'Keeffe for her "feminine iconography," but she refused to collaborate with them on any projects. Biologically, the centers of flowers are androgynous, not feminine, alright? These flowers were not painted in praise of labia, conversely, these ravenous views are tributes to the sensual forces and ecstasy of nature itself. Flower paintings make up a small percentage of O'Keeffe's paintings.
She was best known for her paintings of enlarged flowers , New York skyscrapers , and New Mexico landscapes. O'Keeffe has been recognized as the "Mother of American modernism ". In , O'Keeffe began her serious formal art training at the School of the Art Institute of Chicago and then the Art Students League of New York , but she felt constrained by her lessons that focused on recreating or copying what was in nature. In , unable to fund further education, she worked for two years as a commercial illustrator, and then taught in Virginia, Texas, and South Carolina between and During that time, she studied art during the summers between and and was introduced to the principles and philosophies of Arthur Wesley Dow , who created works of art based upon personal style, design, and interpretation of subjects, rather than trying to copy or represent them. This caused a major change in the way she felt about and approached art, as seen in the beginning stages of her watercolors from her studies at the University of Virginia and more dramatically in the charcoal drawings that she produced in that led to total abstraction.