Sharia Law for Non-Muslims by Bill WarnerIslam is a political system with its own body of laws called Sharia. Sharia law is based on entirely different principles than our laws. Many of these laws concern the non-Muslim.
What does Sharia law mean for the citizens of this state? How will this affect us? What are the long-term effects of granting Muslims the right to be ruled by Sharia, instead of our laws? Each and every demand that Muslims make is based on the idea of implementing Sharia law in America. Should we allow any Sharia at all? Why? Why not?
How can any political or legal authority make decisions about Sharia law if they do not know what it is? Is this moral?
The answers to all of these questions are found in this book.
Minneapolis Muslims: Sharia law better than American laws
Shariah Law: The Five Things Every Non-Muslim (and Muslim) Should Know
Traditional theory of Islamic jurisprudence recognizes four sources of sharia : the Quran, sunnah authentic hadith , qiyas analogical reasoning , [note 1] and ijma juridical consensus. Classical jurisprudence was elaborated by private religious scholars , largely through legal opinions fatwas issued by qualified jurists muftis. It was historically applied in sharia courts by ruler-appointed judges , who dealt mainly with civil disputes and community affairs. In the modern era, traditional laws in the Muslim world have been widely replaced by statutes inspired by European models. The role of sharia has become a contested topic around the world. Jan Michiel Otto distinguishes four senses conveyed by the term sharia in religious, legal and political discourse: . According to the traditional Muslim view, the major precepts of sharia were passed down directly from the Islamic prophet Muhammad without "historical development,"  and the emergence of Islamic jurisprudence fiqh also goes back to the lifetime of Muhammad.
The tragic incidents of September 11 have shocked the world. It is unthinkable that anyone could be so full of hate as to commit such heinous acts and kill so many innocent people. We people of Muslim origin are as much shaken as the rest of the world and yet we find ourselves looked upon with suspicion and distrust by our neighbours and fellow citizens. We want to cry out and tell the world that we are not terrorists, and that those who perpetrate such despicable acts are murderers and not part of us. This is all the work of a few misguided individuals at the fringes of society. The real Islam is sanctified from violence.
From Freethinkers and Humanists of Muslim Origins
What does it mean for Muslims in the UK today? I think everyone interested in exploring how we live well with people different from us should know something about this, since this topic can be such an obstacle to good relations between Muslims and non—Muslims. Christians, like myself, should take a particular interest in this debate. As fiqh is the result of human interpretation, it is recognised as being fallible. Islamic law incorporates diversity and differences of opinion, within certain limits. But the stated punishments were coupled with very high standards of proof so were rarely carried out; they were primarily to act as a deterrent.