The Iliad/The Odyssey by HomerGripping listeners and readers for more than 2,700 years, The Iliad is the story of the Trojan War and the rage of Achilles. Combining the skills of a poet and scholar, Robert Fagles brings the energy of contemporary language to this enduring heroic epic.
If The Iliad is the worlds greatest war story, then The Odyssey is literatures greatest evocation of every mans journey through life. Here again, Fagles has performed the translators task magnificently, giving us an Odyssey to read aloud, to savor, and to treasure for its sheer lyrical mastery.
Each volume contains a superb introduction with textual and critical commentary by renowned classicist Bernard Knox.
The Iliad – Homer – Poem: Story, Summary & Analysis
During the Greek Dark Age , poets called bards traveled to different poli. The bards told stories in the form of long poems called epics. People would often pay to hear the bards describe stories of the distant past. The bards would sing many of the epic poems while accompanied by a stringed instrument called a lyre. The musical epics were called lyric poetry. The two oldest surviving examples of Greek literature are the Iliad and the Odyssey , epic poems that describe the Trojan War, a conflict between the Greeks and the city of Troy that the epics say was fought almost years before the Common Era. The Trojan War was fought over Helen, who according to legend was the beautiful daughter of Zeus and the wife of the king of the Greek polis of Sparta.
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The Iliad and Odyssey: Historical Background. See our timeline. These "Greeks" are relative late-comers to the area we now call "Greece" and likely originated to the East of Black Sea, around the area now called the Caucasus between the Black and Caspian seas, where Russia, Turkey and N. Iran meet. The story of Prometheus -- shackled to mount Caucus -- shows strong connections between their original culture and that of the Sumerians etc. So these Mycenaean people were both influenced by and influenced other great civilizations even before there was written history or, for that matter, writing. Before the Mycenaeans arrived in the region, earlier "Greek" cultures worshipped ancient fertility goddesses probably related to Ishtar, Aphrodite, even Athena and Hera, and appear to have lived a rather peaceable, agricultural lifestyle we assume this because archeological digs show these pre-Mycenaean people lived without military weapons or fortifications
Skafte Jensen Minna. In what sense can the Iliad and the Odyssey be considered oral texts. Anthropologie des mondes grecs anciens , vol. This view of their composition goes back to Aristotle, who in his Poetics praised the Iliad and the Odyssey for their unity, which made them differ from other epic poems such as the Kypria and the Little Iliad1. Kakridis revived this observation as a main point in his so-called "Neo-Analysis". In his epoch- making Homeric Researches he argued that what set off the Iliad and the Odyssey from the poems of the Epic Cycle was their "dramatic" structure in contrast to t-he "chronographic" way in which the other epics proceeded2.
Set during the Trojan War , the ten-year siege of the city of Troy Ilium by a coalition of Greek states, it tells of the battles and events during the weeks of a quarrel between King Agamemnon and the warrior Achilles. Although the story covers only a few weeks in the final year of the war, the Iliad mentions or alludes to many of the Greek legends about the siege; the earlier events, such as the gathering of warriors for the siege, the cause of the war , and related concerns tend to appear near the beginning. Then the epic narrative takes up events prophesied for the future, such as Achilles' imminent death and the fall of Troy, although the narrative ends before these events take place. However, as these events are prefigured and alluded to more and more vividly, when it reaches an end the poem has told a more or less complete tale of the Trojan War. The Iliad is paired with something of a sequel , the Odyssey , also attributed to Homer. Along with the Odyssey , the Iliad is among the oldest extant works of Western literature , and its written version is usually dated to around the 8th century BC.