Bartolome de las casas argued that indians

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bartolome de las casas argued that indians

In Defense of the Indians by Bartolome de las Casas

Bartolome de Las Casas championed the rights of the Indians of Mexico and Central America, disputing a widely held belief that they were beasts to be enslaved. In a dramatic debate in 1550 with Juan Gines de Sepulveda, Las Casas argued vehemently before a royal commission in Valladolid that the native inhabitants should be viewed as fellow human beings, artistically and mechanically adroit, and capable of learning when properly taught.

In Defense of the Indians, Las Casass classic treatise on the humanity of native peoples, had far-reaching implications for the policies adopted by both the Spanish Crown and the Church toward slavery in the New World. This carefully reasoned but emotionally charged defense addresses issues such as the concept of a just war, the relationships between differing races and cultures, the concept of colonialism, and the problem of racism. Written toward the end of an active career as Protector of the Indians, the work stands as a summary of the teaching of Las Casass life.

Available in its entirety for the first time in paperback, with a new foreword by Martin E. Marty, In Defense of the Indians has proved to be an enduring work that speaks with relevance in the twentieth-first century. Skillfully translated from Latin by the Reverend Stafford Poole, it is an eloquent plea for human freedom that will appeal to scholars interested in the founding of the Americas and the development of the New World.
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Bartolome de Las Casas: The Protector of the Indians

Bartolome de las Casas

Where are you on the Gilder Lehrman Institute timeline? Are you a teacher or a student? New content is added regularly to the website, including online exhibitions , videos , lesson plans, and issues of the online journal History Now, which features essays by leading scholars on major topics in American history. Las Casas came to Hispaniola, in the Caribbean, in with a land grant, ready to seek his fortune. In , Las Casas renounced his land grant, released his slaves, and returned to Rome to take his religious vows.

He was appointed as the first resident Bishop of Chiapas , and the first officially appointed " Protector of the Indians ". His extensive writings, the most famous being A Short Account of the Destruction of the Indies and Historia de Las Indias , chronicle the first decades of colonization of the West Indies. He described the atrocities committed by the colonizers against the indigenous peoples. Arriving as one of the first Spanish and European settlers in the Americas , Las Casas initially participated in, but eventually felt compelled to oppose the abuses committed by colonists against the Native Americans. In his early writings, he advocated the use of African slaves instead of Natives in the West Indian colonies but did so without knowing that the Portuguese were carrying out "brutal and unjust wars in the name of spreading the faith".

is for Students.

First contact experiences on Hispaniola included brutal interactions between the Spanish and the Native Americans. Conquistadors subjugated populations primarily to garner personal economic wealth, and Natives little understood the nature of the conquest. As early as Bartolome de Las Casas worked to denounce these activities on political, economic, moral, and religious grounds by chronicling the actions of the conquistadors for the Spanish court. For more information on text complexity see these resources from achievethecore. In the Text Analysis section, Tier 2 vocabulary words are defined in pop-ups, and Tier 3 words are explained in brackets. Using excerpts from A Brief Account of the Destruction of the Indies , published in , students will explore in this lesson how Bartolome de Las Casas — argued for more humane treatment of Native Americans in the Spanish New World colonies.

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