Administrative Behavior by Herbert A. SimonIn this fourth edition of his ground-breaking work, Herbert A. Simon applies his pioneering theory of human choice and administrative decision-making to concrete organizational problems. To commemorate the fiftieth anniversary of the books original publication, Professor Simon enhances his timeless observations on the human decision-making process with commentaries examining new facets of organizational behavior. Investigating the impact of changing social values and modem technology on the operation of organizations, the new ideas featured in this revised edition update a book that has become a worldwide classic.
Named by Public Administration Review as Book of the Half Century, Administrative Behavior is considered one of the most influential books on social science thinking, and was referred to by the Nobel Committee as epoch-making.
Written for managers and other professionals who wish to understand the decision-making processes at the heart of organization and management, it is also essential reading for students in business and management, economics, sociology, psychology computer science, government, and law.
Decision Making Theorists Herbert Simon, Daniel Kahneman and Amos Tversky
Administrative Decision Making
In Administrative Behavior , Herbert Simon proposed a science of administration where organizational decisions represent the primary units of analysis. In constructing a conceptual framework to guide that science, Simon drew heavily on insights from cognitive psychology. Since its publication in , Administrative Behavior has inspired researchers investigating institutional and organizational practices across many settings. Here, consideration is given to the impact of Administrative Behavior in public policy and public administration. Four legacies are highlighted.
The pioneering scholar of the theory of decision making in organizations, was Herbert Simon. He was born in Milwaukee, Wisconsin and was one of the most celebrated political scientist, economist, sociologist and also a psychologist. His body of work covers topics from administration to cognitive psychology to artificial intelligence. He was awarded the Nobel Memorial Prize in Economics for his most important work, the decision making process of the organizations. Therefore, for the sake of our discussion we shall refer to the theories and concepts provided by Simon for the administrative decision making.
Simon — It asserts that " decision-making is the heart of administration , and that the vocabulary of administrative theory must be derived from the logic and psychology of human choice", and it attempts to describe administrative organizations "in a way that will provide the basis for scientific analysis". As summarized in a obituary of Simon, the book "reject[ed] the notion of an omniscient 'economic man' capable of making decisions that bring the greatest benefit possible and substitut[ed] instead the idea of 'administrative man' who ' satisfices —looks for a course of action that is satisfactory'". The book crosses social science disciplines such as political science and economics. The book is based on Simon's doctoral thesis in political science at the University of Chicago , which he began planning in Simon took a position at the Bureau of Public Administration at the University of California, Berkeley between and
The theory of administrative behaviour is a generic term used to describe the process by which people within organizations work. For example, Simon clarified the processes by which goal specificity and formalization contribute to rational behavior in organizations.
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