Dover Beach and Other Poems by Matthew ArnoldThis superb selection of the poetry of Matthew Arnold (18221888) offers rich evidence of the poetic gifts that made him famous in his day, and that continue to rank him among the most loved and admired of Victorian poets. In addition to the title poem, it includes such masterpieces as The Scholar Gipsy, Thyrsis, The Forsaken Merman, Memorial Verses, and Rugby Chapel.
Although as a literary critic, Arnold championed the serene poise and impersonal grandeur of the classics, his own poems were often more romantic than classical in nature intimate, personal, sentimental, even nostalgic. Yet it is these engaging qualities, together with his poems lyrical inspiration and lofty meditative character, that continue to endear Matthew Arnold to lovers of poetry.
Poem Memorial Verses April 1850 Matthew Arnold
Ultimately, while Arnold wrote on a wide variety of subjects, his recurring fascinations - with nature, faith, mankind, and the power of art - make his work feel parts of a unified whole. One of Arnold's most famous poems, "The Scholar-Gipsy" recounts the story of an Oxford student leaving his studies behind, in order to join a band of gypsies and learn their priceless secrets.
Matthew Arnold: Poems Summary
The poem is written by Matthew Arnold. Arnold published the poem in , the year in which Wordsworth died. The poem talks about three preceded literary figures - Goethe, Byron and Wordsworth and their relevance in the poet's contemporary society. Goethe is described by the poet as a sage of the age who was aware of the ailments and problems of the European people. Arnold praises Byron not for his works but for his unusual spirit and his struggle. The poet uplifts the position of Wordsworth and after his departure, he would be missed by Europeans.
Goethe in Weimar sleeps, and Greece, Long since, saw Byron's struggle cease. But one such death remain'd to come; I have stood at Wordsworth grave in Grassmere. There is a sign pointing to it. But no sign can bring us that way better than this poem.
And he remarks that it is "the great and ample body of powerful work" that is left when an editor has pruned Wordsworth's luxuriance his essay is an introduction to an anthology of selections from Wordsworth that establishes this superiority. He goes on: Some kinds of poetry are in themselves lower kinds than others. The ballad kind is alower kind; the didactic kind, still more, is alower kind. Poetry of this latter sort counts, too, sometimes, by its biographical interest partly, not by its poetical interest pure and simple, but then this can only be when the poet producing it has the power and importance of Wordsworth. It does help us to see more clearly the roots of Arnold's view, later fully enunciated, that, as he puts it in his essay on Wordsworth, "poetry is at bottom a criticism of life; that the greatness of a poet lies in his powerful and beautiful application of ideas to English Studies in Can ad a, ii, 2, Summer life.
A memorial to Dr Thomas Arnold, famous head master, is now on a ledge in the north west tower chapel in the nave of Westminster Abbey. It consists of a half length bust in white marble on a square plinth and the sculptor was Sir Alfred Gilbert. It was unveiled on 15th July and originally stood against the west wall of the south west tower chapel now St George's chapel , with memorials to John Keble and William Wordsworth.
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Matthew Arnold 24 December 15 April was an English poet and cultural critic who worked as an inspector of schools. He was the son of Thomas Arnold , the famed headmaster of Rugby School , and brother to both Tom Arnold , literary professor, and William Delafield Arnold , novelist and colonial administrator. Matthew Arnold has been characterised as a sage writer , a type of writer who chastises and instructs the reader on contemporary social issues. Thomas Arnold admired Keble's Christian Year , first published in , but the elder Arnold became disappointed with Keble when he became a leader of the Oxford or Tractarian Movement , whose leaders had a plan for the renewal of the Church of England that Thomas Arnold regarded as too conservative and traditionalist. In , Arnold's father was appointed Headmaster of Rugby School and his young family took up residence, that year, in the Headmaster's house. In , Arnold was tutored by his uncle, Rev.
It elegizes three figures of Romantic poetry, Byron, Goethe and Wordsworth, three poets whose influence is felt strongly by Arnold. The poem serves as a manifesto for poetry, elucidating the qualities of Romantic poetry that appeal for Arnold. Arnold makes it clear that Goethe has the moral high ground, but enters us into his own conflicted admiration for them both. In Wordsworth these two warring sensibilities find perfect unity the calm and moral integrity of Goethe with the intimacy and expressiveness of Byron. Running through the poem is a deep anxiety about the state of Europe a state that these dead poets were working to mend. Here we can see that the apocalyptic note is tolling poetry for poetry itself Arnold is expressing a deep fear that the age of mechanisation has made poetic greatness impossible. In elegizing these great influences and especially Wordsworth, Arnold is in one sense also trying to overcome them and put them behind him.