Martin Eden by Jack LONDON, Part 1 of 2 (EN) - Full Free Audio Book
John Griffith London born John Griffith Chaney ;  January 12, — November 22,     was an American novelist, journalist, and social activist. A pioneer in the world of commercial magazine fiction, he was one of the first writers to become a worldwide celebrity and earn a large fortune from writing. He was also an innovator in the genre that would later become known as science fiction. London was part of the radical literary group "The Crowd" in San Francisco and a passionate advocate of unionization, socialism , and the rights of workers. In San Francisco, Flora worked as a music teacher and spiritualist , claiming to channel the spirit of a Sauk chief, Black Hawk.
During the 20th century he was one of the most extensively translated of American authors. Deserted by his father, a roving astrologer, he was raised in Oakland , California, by his spiritualist mother and his stepfather, whose surname, London, he took. At age 14 he quit school to escape poverty and gain adventure. He explored San Francisco Bay in his sloop , alternately stealing oysters or working for the government fish patrol. He went to Japan as a sailor and saw much of the United States as a hobo riding freight trains and as a member of Charles T. London saw depression conditions, was jailed for vagrancy, and in became a militant socialist. London educated himself at public libraries with the writings of Charles Darwin , Karl Marx , and Friedrich Nietzsche , usually in popularized forms.
Topics: Legendary Authors , American Literature. He was also one of the first writers to gain fame and wealth from his fiction. However, London's short life was one marked by poverty and struggle from beginning to end. Here are 10 interesting facts about this often abrasive American author:. His mother was Flora Wellman Chaney. His biological father, William Chaney, was never part of London's life, and it is unknown whether or not he ever legally married Flora. He started going by "Jack" later in his childhood.
He was an American author who wrote fiction and nonfiction books, short stories, poems, plays, and essays. He was a very prolific writer and achieved worldwide literary success prior to his death on November 22, Jack London was born in San Francisco, California. His mother, Flora Wellman, became pregnant with Jack while living with William Chaney, an attorney and astrologer. Chaney left Wellman and did not play an active role in Jack's life. They stayed in California, but moved to the Bay Area and then to Oakland. The Londons were a working-class family.
After completing grammar school , London worked at various jobs to help support his family. He briefly enrolled in a university and took English classes, for he loved to read and write. However, he was not happy with this formal education and he soon dropped out. In and , London, like many other American and Canadian men, went north to Alaska and the Klondike region of Canada to search for gold. This was the Alaska Gold Rush.