A Signal Victory: The Lake Erie Campaign, 1812-1813 by David Curtis SkaggsThe Battle of Lake Erie on 10 September 1813 is considered by many to be the most important naval confrontation of the War of 1812. Made famous by the American fleet commander Oliver Hazard Perrys comment, We have met the enemy and they are ours, the battle marked the U.S. Navys first successful fleet action and was one of the rare occasions when the Royal Navy surrendered an entire squadron. This book draws on British, Canadian, and American documents to offer a totally impartial analysis of all sides of the struggle to control the lake. New diagrams of the battle are included that reflect the authors modification of traditional positions of various vessels. The book also evaluates the strategic background and tactical conduct of the British and the Americans and the command leadership exercised by Perry and his British opponent, Commander Robert H. Barclay. Not since James Fenimore Coopers 1843 book on the subject has the battle been examined in such detail, and not since Alfred Thayer Mahans 1905 study of the war has there been such a significant reinterpretation of the engagement. First published in hardcover in 1997, the book is the winner of the North American Society for Oceanic Historys John Lyman Book Award.
AMH 98: The Battle of Lake Champlain
Battle of Lake Erie
Oliver Hazard Perry. Portrait by Gilbert Stuart, The Toledo Museum of Art. More pages in history are devoted to the story of the Battle of Lake Erie than to the building of the ships that fought that battle. Knoll, USN Ret. During his long naval career he served in numerous sea and shore assignments, including international assignments in his postgraduate school specialty, meterology.
This ensured American control of the lake for the rest of the war, which in turn allowed the Americans to recover Detroit and win the Battle of the Thames to break the Indian confederation of Tecumseh. It was one of the biggest naval battles of the War of When the war broke out, the British immediately seized control of Lake Erie. They already had a small force of warships there: the sloop-of-war Queen Charlotte and the brig General Hunter. The schooner Lady Prevost was under construction and was put into service a few weeks after the outbreak of war.
Signing up enhances your TCE experience with the ability to save items to your personal reading list, and access the interactive map. Also known as the Battle of Put-in-Bay, the event was unique in the annals of naval combat for it was fought on an inland, freshwater sea, and it marked a turning point in the affairs of the 2 competing powers in the continental heartland and in waters above Lake Erie. It also had an impact on the First Nations, notably on the ill-fated pan-Aboriginal alliance headed by the Shawnee war chief, Tecumseh. British forces under Major General Isaac Brock took Detroit at the outset of the war, and in doing so secured their flank into the Ohio country. This gave them immense advantages, as did the capture of Fort Michilimackinac on Lake Huron.
On September 10, , nine small, outgunned ships defeated a Royal Navy fleet of six heavy vessels in the Battle of Lake Erie. That feat of courage proved to be yet another morale-building stepping stone for a U. Prior to the Battle of Lake Erie.
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The United States also needed to regain control over Detroit; therefore the motives for the Battle of Lake Erie became clear. Until September 10, , Britain had control over Lake Erie giving them a large advantage in the great lakes region and putting United States at a disadvantage. Taking his new position at Put-in-Bay, Perry oversaw the production of two gun brigs as well as collected many gunboats in preparation for the great battle yet to come. The size of these ships were amazing. They both included guns 2 x 12lb long-range cannons, and a wopping 18 x 32lb carronades and required a crew size of over members each. Perry knew for sure that with the power of these ships, order could be restored to Lake Erie.
When he arrived in Presque Isle modern-day Erie, Pennsylvania , Perry commissioned several carpenters to build a fleet. Within a year he had nine combat vessels. However, six of his vessels were gunboats, small vessels that mounted only a single gun. Only two, the Lawrence and the Niagara , were full-size ships with an armament of two long guns and 18 carronades each. Perry had also assembled a force of about five hundred men to serve under him, and after several months of drilling, they were a capable naval unit.